A form of eye inflammation, uveitis can come on suddenly and quickly worsen. At Connecticut Retina Consultants, with locations in New Haven, Hamden, Madison, Trumbull, and Fairfield, Connecticut, the expert ophthalmologists can evaluate symptoms such as redness and eye pain to diagnose uveitis and treat the condition. Call for an appointment if you have symptoms that suggest uveitis.
This eye inflammation affects the uvea, middle layer of tissue in the eyewall. Uvea means “grape” in Greek and describes the dark-colored, blood-rich part of the eye. It contains the choroid, a spongy, blood-filled layer between the sclera and retina; the ciliary body, which produces the fluid that fills the eye; and the colored iris.
Inflammation can occur in just the iris or the ciliary body and the iris.
Symptoms usually come on suddenly and include:
The symptoms can affect one or both eyes. The symptoms often come on suddenly, but at times may be gradual.
Possible causes of uveitis are:
Autoimmune conditions are the most common cause. This occurs when your immune system misidentifies a part of your body, this time the eye, as foreign. It attacks the area, sending inflammatory substances when they’re not needed.
If untreated and uncontrolled, the inflammation caused by uveitis can lead to a severe loss of vision and even loss of the eye. The inflammation and the body’s response to the inflammation may lead to cataracts, glaucoma, macular edema (retinal swelling), and/or hypotony (loss of eye pressure).
If you have an underlying condition causing uveitis, treatment centers on resolving that. The goal of treatment is to reduce inflammation.
The team at Connecticut Retina Consultants offers inflammation-reducing medications, immune-suppressing medications, and/or drugs that fight bacteria or viruses to get the infection under control. These medications aren’t without side effects and require regular monitoring.
In some cases, surgery is required. Procedures may include a vitrectomy to remove some of the vitreous in your eye. Surgery to implant a device that provides a slow and sustained release of medication may also be in order.
How soon you recover depends on the severity of your symptoms and the nature of your uveitis. If your uveitis affects the back of your eye, it heals more slowly than cases that are concentrated in the iris at the front of the eye.
If you have symptoms of uveitis, call Connecticut Retina Consultants right away for evaluation and treatment.