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Macular Edema

Connecticut Retina Consultants

Ophthalmologists & Retina Specialists located in New Haven, CT & Fairfield County, CT

If the macula inside your eye starts to swell or fill with fluid, the pressure buildup can lead to sight loss. This is preventable if you visit the highly experienced ophthalmologists at Connecticut Retina Consultants, who have extensive expertise in diagnosing and treating macular edema at their offices in New Haven, Hamden, Madison, Trumbull, and Fairfield, Connecticut. Call Connecticut Retina Consultants today to find out more or arrange a consultation.

Macular Edema Q & A

What is macular edema?

Macular edema is the name given to swelling or fluid buildup in the macula, which is the central part of your retina. This swelling is a problem that can affect your vision and even cause blindness, so it’s essential to seek treatment at Connecticut Retina Consultants as soon as you notice any symptoms.

Macular edema doesn’t cause any pain, and in the early stages, it rarely causes noticeable symptoms. When you do start to experience symptoms, these can include:

  • Blurred central vision
  • Wavy central vision
  • Colors appearing washed out
  • Problems reading

Experiencing these symptoms means that the blood vessels in your eye might have started to leak.

What causes macular edema?

There are numerous possible causes of macular edema.

If you have wet AMD (age-related macular degeneration), the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the area leads to fluid and blood leakage that causes macular edema. Diabetic retinopathy can cause damage to the small blood vessels in your retina that leads to macular edema.

Among the other potential causes of macular edema are:

  • Radiation exposure
  • Macular pucker
  • Nicotinic acid
  • Vitreomacular traction
  • Glaucoma eye drops with prostaglandin
  • Uveitis
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Retinal vein occlusions (BRVO and CRVO)

In some cases, the condition develops following surgery or after an injury to the eye. This causes cysts to appear in the retina, a condition known as cystoid macular edema.

How is macular edema treated?

The treatment your ophthalmologist at Connecticut Retina Consultants recommends varies depending on the cause of your macular edema. You might simply need to take a course of prescription eye drops.

In some cases, you might benefit from injections of steroids or anti-VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) agents. These can be periocular (around the eye) or intraocular (within the eye).

Laser treatment or surgery might be necessary for some patients. Laser photocoagulation treatment works by creating an area of coagulation or controlled scarring that seals leaking blood vessels.

Laser photocoagulation treatment for macular edema takes place in the office at Connecticut Retina Consultants. The process is quick and easy, and only requires a numbing eye drop to avoid any discomfort.

If you’d like to learn more about the advanced treatments available or you’re concerned about any symptoms you have, call Connecticut Retina Consultants today.