Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness in people over the age of 65 in the United… Read more »
Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO)
Branch retinal vein occlusion is a condition in which part of the venous drainage system of the retina is blocked…. Read more »


Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO)
Central retinal vein occlusion is a condition in which the venous drainage system of the retina is blocked. The retinal…
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Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR)
Central serous chorioretinopathy is a condition mostly affecting middle-aged males. Stress, “type A personalities”, and increased stress hormones are thought… Read more »


Complications after cataract surgery
Cataract surgery is one of the most common and successful surgeries performed in the world. Usually, the surgery is successful…Read more »
Degenerative myopia
Refractive errors, such as myopia or near-sightedness, is the leading cause of treatable blindness in the world. Refractive errors can… Read more »


Diabetic Retinopathy
Diabetes affects 16 million Americans and is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people ages 20 to… Read more »
Floaters / Flashes
What are floaters? Floaters are small clumps of cells, pigment, and or gel matrix which “float” inside the central cavity… Read more »


Inherited retinal disorders
There are many inherited retinal disorders. Some are severe and may cause blindness, whereas others may remain asymptomatic though an… Read more »
Lattice Degeneration
Lattice degeneration, or simply “lattice” is a degeneration or thinning of the peripheral retina. Although it can come in many… Read more »

Macular Hole

Macular edema
Macular edema is the term used for swelling or fluid in the macula (central portion of the retina). The swelling… Read more »
Macular hole
Macular holes develop when excessive traction develops in the center of the retina leading to a circular defect in the… Read more »


Macular pucker
Also known as an Epiretinal Membrane or Cellophane Maculopathy, it is the formation of scar tissue on the surface of… Read more »
Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD)
What is a posterior vitreous detachment? The vitreous is the gel-like substance that fills the back of the eye. When… Read more »


Retinal tear / hole
What is a retinal tear? Retinal Tears are localized areas of retinal injury resulting from traction on the retinal surface… Read more »
Retinal detachment
What is a retinal detachment? A retinal detachment is a separation of the nerve tissue of the retina from the… Read more »


Retinal artery occlusion
A retinal artery occlusion is a blockage of blood flow to the retina. In the same way that a heart… Read more »
Uveitis
What is uveitis? The uvea, which means grape in old Greek, is the darkly colored, blood rich part of the… Read more »